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Vehicle Batteries

The batteries are assembled from SmartPowerBlocks™ (SPB), each of which is protected and monitored by its own SmartBMS™ slave. This keeps energy, weight and voltage small, and service is simplified. Different battery configurations can be implemented by selecting the voltage level of the SPB and connecting differnt number of SPBs. The SmartBMS™ Master provides all superordinate functions and monitors the entire system. An optional CIM (Customer Interface Module) allows batteries and components to be interconnected, such as embedded charger, power distribution units (PDU), additional batteries (via junction box), system interface to the higher-level system, and operation of one or more top-side 19″ PowerChargers™.

The batteries are partly type-qualified according to MIL-STD. The batteries can be additional qualified to UN T38.3 on request.

Applications

  • Underwater vehicles: AUV, ROV
  • Underwater equipment: condition monitoring stations
  • Smart sensor power supplies
Products
Impressions
Benefits
Options
Qualification
Description
Products
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Vehicle 260mm High-Voltage battery
The modular battery for AUV or other vehicle has a diameter of 260mm (without pressure housing).
The modules are type-qualified according to MIL-STD. The modules can be additional qualified to UN T38.3 on request.
In the HV version, the modules are stacked to achieve higher voltages with lower currents.

Data
Size: Ø260mm (w/o pressure housing)
SmartPowerBlocks: 2.5kWh, 14V … 50V each - Single-channel - Weight 14kg, length 150mm
Energy: number of SPB x 2.5kWh
Voltage: typ. 100V to 400V, depending on stacked SPBs
Current: up to max. 50A
Power: e.g. 6kW @150V
Redundancy: No, but modules can be connected in a parallel redundant configuration
Battery: Li-Ion
Pressure housing: On request, titanium up to 6000m - Life-time corrosion free. Other optional
Operating temp.: -20 …+60°C internal temperature
Charge temp.: 0 …+45°C (never charge below 0°C)
Storage: -20 …+60°C (recommended: +5 …+20°C) - Store at 50..80% SOC, recharge 3...6 months
Data interface: MODBUS RTU, RS-232/485 NMEA-0183, CAN
Qualification: On request MIL-STD, API17F, UN T38.8
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Vehicle 260mm Low-Voltage battery
The modular battery for AUV or other vehicle has a diameter of 260mm (without pressure housing).
The modules are type-qualified according to MIL-STD. The modules can be additional qualified to UN T38.3 on request.
In the LV version, the modules are parallel connected for low voltages with higher currents.

Data
Size: Ø260mm (w/o pressure housing)
SmartPowerBlocks: 2.5kWh, single channel, 50V each (other on request) - Single-channel - Weight 14kg, length 150mm
Energy: number of SPB x 2.4kWh
Voltages: 50V, other on request
Current: up to max. 50A
Power: e.g. 2.5kW @50V
Redundancy: Yes, all modules are connected in parallel
Battery: Li-Ion
Pressure housing: On request, titanium up to 6000m - Life-time corrosion free. Other optional
Operating temp.: -20 …+60°C internal temperature
Charge temp.: 0 …+45°C (never charge below 0°C)
Storage: -20 …+60°C (recommended: +5 …+20°C) - Store at 50..80% SOC, recharge 3...6 months
Data interface: MODBUS RTU, RS-232/485 NMEA-0183, CAN
Qualification: On request MIL-STD, API17F, UN T38.8
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Vehicle 310mm High-Voltage battery
The modular battery for AUV or other vehicle has a diameter of 310mm (without pressure housing).
The modules are fully qualified according to MIL-STD. The modules can be additional qualified to UN T38.3 on request.
In the HV version, the modules are stacked to achieve higher voltages with lower currents.

Data
Size: Ø310mm (w/o pressure housing)
SmartPowerBlocks: 3.7kWh, 14V … 50V each, Dual-channel, two independent batteries 2 x 1.88kWh - Weight 18kg, length 150mm
Voltage: typ. 100V to 400V, depending on stacked SPBs
Energy: number of SPB x 3.7kWh
Current: up to max. 50A
Power: e.g. 7kW @150V
Redundancy: Yes, typ. 2 channels connected in parallel
Battery: Li-Ion
Pressure housing: On request, titanium up to 6000m - Life-time corrosion free. Other optional
Operating temp.: -20 …+60°C internal temperature
Charge temp.: 0 …+45°C (never charge below 0°C)
Storage: -20 …+60°C (recommended: +5 …+20°C) - Store at 50..80% SOC, recharge 3...6 months
Data interface: MODBUS RTU, RS-232/485 NMEA-0183 - Optional CAN
Qualification: MIL-STD (fully certified) - Optional API17F, UN T38.8
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Vehicle 310mm Low-Voltage battery
The modular battery for AUV or other vehicle has a diameter of 310mm (without pressure housing).
The modules are fully qualified according to MIL-STD. The modules can be additional qualified to UN T38.3 on request.
In the LV version, the modules are parallel connected for low voltages with higher currents, particularly for high energy applications.

Data

 

Size: Ø310mm (w/o pressure housing)
SmartPowerBlocks: 3.7kWh, single channel, 50V each, other on request - Weight 18kg, length 150mm
Voltage: typ. 50V, other on request
Energy: number of SPB x 3.7kWh
Current: up to 50A per SPB
Power: 2.5kW per SPB
Redundancy: Yes, 1) on cell level, 2) all SPB modules connected in parallel
Battery: Li-Ion
Pressure housing: On request, titanium up to 6000m - Life-time corrosion free. Other optional
Operating temp.: -20 …+60°C
Charge temp.: 0 …+45°C (never charge below 0°C)
Storage: -20 …+60°C (recommended: +5 …+20°C) - Store at 50..80% SOC, recharge 3...6 months
Data interface: MODBUS RTU, RS-232/485 NMEA-0183 - Optional CAN
Qualification: MIL-STD (fully certified) - Optional API17F, UN T38.8

 

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Vehicle 416mm High-Voltage battery
The modular battery for AUV or other vehicle has a diameter of 416mm (without pressure housing).
The modules correspond to the MIL-STD qualified 310mm modules and can be fully qualified according to UN T38.3, MIL-STD or API17F on request.
In the HV version, the modules are stacked to achieve higher voltages with lower currents.

Data
Size: Ø416mm (w/o pressure housing)
SmartPowerBlocks: 7.1kWh, 14V … 50V each - Dual-channel, two independent batteries 2 x 3.5kWh - Weight 32kg, length 150mm
Voltage: typ. 100V to 400V, depending stacked SPBs
Energy: number of SPB x 7.1kWh
Current: up to max. 50A per channel
Power: e.g. 10kW @150V, 30kW @430V
Redundancy: Yes, typ. 2 channels connected in parallel
Battery: Li-Ion
Pressure housing: On request, titanium up to 6000m - Life-time corrosion free. Other optional
Operating temp.: -20 …+60°C internal temperature
Charge temp.: 0 …+45°C (never charge below 0°C)
Storage: -20 …+60°C (recommended: +5 …+20°C) - Store at 50..80% SOC, recharge 3...6 months
Data interface: MODBUS RTU, RS-232/485 NMEA-0183, CAN
Qualification: produced according MIL-STD - Optional MIL-STD, API17F, UN T38.8
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Vehicle 416mm Low-Voltage battery
The modular battery for AUV or other vehicle has a diameter of 416mm (without pressure housing).
The modules correspond to the MIL-STD qualified 310mm modules and can be fully qualified according to UN T38.3, MIL-STD or API17F on request.
In the LV version, the modules are parallel connected for low voltages with higher currents, particularly for high energy applications.

Data
Size: Ø416mm (w/o pressure housing)
SmartPowerBlocks: 7.1kWh, single channel, 50V each, length 150mm
Voltage: 50V, other on request
Energy: number of SPB x 7.1kWh
Current: up to max. 2 x 50A
Power: e.g. 5kW @50V
Redundancy: Yes, all SPB modules are connected in parallel
Battery: Li-Ion
Pressure housing: On request, titanium up to 6000m - Life-time corrosion free. Other optional
Operating temp.: -20 …+60°C internal temperature
Charge temp.: 0 …+45°C (never charge below 0°C)
Storage: -20 …+60°C (recommended: +5 …+20°C) - Store at 50..80% SOC, recharge 3...6 months
Data interface: MODBUS RTU, RS-232/485 NMEA-0183, CAN
Qualification: produced according MIL-STD - Optional MIL-STD, API17F, UN T38.8
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Vehicle customized or COTS batteries
We offer customized batteries, or vehicle batteries based on standard batteries (COTS, commercial off-the-shelf). Typical sizes are 150mm to 230mm (without pressure housing). The voltage levels can be adjusted. For COTS batteries, please note that the current is limited. Without the special properties of our special vehicle batteries, self-heating must be given special consideration.
The batteries are normally constructed without division and do not include SmartPowerBlock™, and therefore have no redundancy at the module level
The SmartBMS™ provides all necessary functions and monitors the battery. An optional CIM (Customer Interface Module) allows different modules to be interconnected, such as embedded charger, power distribution units (PDU), additional batteries (via junction box), system interface to the higher-level system, and operation of a top-side 19" PowerCharger™.

Data
Size: typ. Ø150mm to Ø 230mm (w/o pressure housing)
Voltage: typ. 14V to 50V
Energy: Typ. up to 5kWh
Current: up to max. 30A
Redundancy: No, but batteries can be connected in parallel - Using additional junction-boxes and COM modules
Battery: Li-Ion
Pressure housing: On request, titanium up to 6000m - Life-time corrosion free. Other optional
Operating temp.: -20 …+60°C internal temperature
Charge temp.: 0 …+45°C (never charge below 0°C)
Storage: -20 …+60°C (recommended: +5 …+20°C) - Store at 50..80% SOC, recharge 3...6 months
Data interface: MODBUS RTU, RS-232/485 NMEA-0183
Qualification: Some COTS with UN T38.3 (e.g. “BigJim” 14V) - Optional MIL-STD, API17F, UN T38.8
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Customized special-shape batteries
We offer customized batteries with special shapes, to make optimal use of the available space. The voltage levels can be adjusted. Without the special properties of our special vehicle batteries, self-heating must be given special consideration.
The SmartBMS™ provides all necessary functions and monitors the battery. An optional CIM (Customer Interface Module) allows different modules to be interconnected, such as embedded charger, power distribution units (PDU), additional batteries (via junction box), system interface to the higher-level system, and operation of a top-side 19" PowerCharger™.

Data
Size: typ. Ø150mm to Ø 416mm (w/o pressure housing)
Voltage: typ. 14V to 500V, other on request
Energy: Typ. up to 5kWh
Battery: Li-Ion
Pressure housing: On request, titanium up to 6000m - Life-time corrosion free. Other optional
Operating temp.: -20 …+60°C internal temperature
Charge temp.: 0 …+45°C (never charge below 0°C)
Storage: -20 …+60°C (recommended: +5 …+20°C) - Store at 50..80% SOC, recharge 3...6 months
Data interface: MODBUS RTU, RS-232/485 NMEA-0183
Qualification: On request MIL-STD, API17F, UN T38.8
Efficiency: typ. 95%
Charge power: 2 x 3kW
Interface: MODBUS RTU (internal only)
Cooling: Fluid closed-loop cooling with - heat exchange to the pressure hull
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Embedded Li-Ion PowerCharger™ 2 x 3kW
High-power, high safety, highly reliable charger for SmartBMS™ Li-Ion battery in switching mode technology. Two power-channels for redundancy are supported by two independent charger power supplies.

Data
Size: ᴓ416mm x 250m length
Input: AC 85 … 275V, 45..65Hz
Efficiency: typ. 95%
Charge power: 2 x 3kW
Interface: MODBUS RTU (internal only)
Cooling: Fluid closed-loop cooling with heat exchange to the pressure hull
Impressions
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Hybrid AUV with 260mm 10kWh HV battery
© Houston Mechatronics
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Manned vehicle with 416mm large HV and LV batteries
© SubseaCraft
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PowerCharger connected with AUV battery
150V 9kW peak AUV battery with diagnostic unit and PowerCharger.
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FlatFish project
The FlatFish project is a venture undertaken by the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), the Brazilian Institute of Robotics (BIR) and Shell. It aims at designing an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) for repeated inspections of oil & gas subsea structures whilst being submerged for extended periods of time.
For the evaluation of energy and high-bandwidth data transfer while submerged, the docking station demonstrator was equipped with optical data transmitters and electrical contacts for battery charging, witnessed by representatives from Shell (Rio, Brazil and Houston, USA) and from SENAI-CIMATEC (Salvador, Brazil).
©DFKI/Ground Truth Robotics, Florian Cordes
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Fuel cell UUV
Li-ion battery for a fuel cell UUV.
SubCtech has developed and built the Li-Ion battery for an innovative long range Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV). The UUV is being developed by Cellula Robotics Ltd. under the Canadian All Domain Situational Awareness (ADSA) Science & Technology (S & T) Program developed and built. Known as “Solus-LR”, the UUV will have a target range of 2000 km and is designed to stay submerged for multi-month missions. The Li-Ion battery system works with the fuel cell system, taking power peaks and ensuring optimum power system operating parameters.
© Cellula Robotics
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Amogh AUV
Amogh – the dependable underwater surveillance vehicle
Amogh (Hindi: Dependable Work Horse) is a third generation Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV), designed and being developed in collaboration with Larsen&Toubro, Mumbai (India) and Edgelab, Italy. The AUV is designed to comply with International Hydrographic Organisation Standards for Hydrographic Surveys and IMP regulations for the safety of navigation. The containerized design with built-in LARS and AUV maintenance support system is suitable for ease of deployment and installation. Amogh is loaded with the latest state-of-the-art sensors, payloads, propulsion and energy system, which make it a best-of-class AUV for hydrographic and underwater surveillance, and reconnaissance operations. Endurance 22hrs.
© EdgeLab
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Deep-Down
The $7 million Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE is a global competition which challenged teams to advance deep sea technologies for autonomous, fast, high-resolution ocean exploration.
Texas A&M student team named finalist in Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE competition. Marlin carries an on-board intelligence system, a long-range optical and acoustic communication and reference system, an ultra-high resolution 3-D scanner, inertial navigation system, Doppler velocity tracking, chemical sensors to monitor the environment, a pump jet propulsion for high speed operation, forward dive plane for quick descents and a wave energy conversion system. To operate all of this technology, Marlin is also equipped with a 48 kilowatt-per-hour battery system, which is more than the average household uses per day.
© Deep-Down; A&M University (XPRIZE)
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DFKI
An analogous mission as preparation for future explorations of Europa.
The project Europa-Explorer is a pilot survey for future missions to Jupiter’s moon Europa. It focuses on the aspect of navigation of robotic systems on and espe-cially under Europa’s surface. Below Europa’s ice shield (thickness between 3 and 15 kilometers) an ocean comprised of liquid water is expected. For the exploration of this ocean a fully-autonomous system is necessary due to the long run-time of communication from earth to Europa (33 to 53 minutes).
SubCtech has developed and delivered the battery system.
© DFKI, Jan Albiez
Benefits
  • Extremely robust: optional corrosion free titanium material constructed for offshore conditions
  • Safety: control and protection of all battery parameter; UL and UN T38.3 certified cells
  • Reliability: optionally redundant design, under all circumstances at least 50% capacity
  • Cost-efficient: long lifetime, short charging cycles, long life-time
  • Simple handling: Plug’n’play charger – no need to open the housing, charge underwater
  • Easy maintenance: little time and costs
  • Highest rated power: high capacities with optimized weight and size; much longer operating times
Options
  • Data logging on industrial SD card of up to 32GB
  • Redundant construction for high-safety requirements
  • Special wiring for minimized electromagnetic emission
  • Special housings and mechanical designs
Qualification
  • ISO 13628-6 or API17, MIL-STD 810G, GL for industrial applications
  • EMC tests according to MIL-STD, DIN-EN, GL
  • AECTP, AQAP
  • Production according e.g. IPC-A-600/610 class 2 or class 3
Description

Based on the proven Li-Ion rechargeable batteries we offer complete energy systems, for example AUV drive or the on-board electronics. The especially developed electronics SmartBMS™ supports the Li-Ion PowerPack™. The SmartBMS™ monitors the battery with especially for Li-Ion technologies designed switching circuits. NMEA 0183 is a compatible data interface to the AUV host system. This NMEA-0183 interface is easy to adapt and galvanically decoupled.

The AUV PowerPacks™ are available in up to about 100 kWh and 400V. PowerPacks™ can be connected for larger battery capacity. For the optimal design, the AUV PowerPacks™ are adapted to the equipment rack. SubCtech offers sufficient know-how from various past projects from the planning phase onwards. Of course, existing batteries can be replaced with this innovative technology.

Li-Ion batteries can deliver very high currents, in contrast to other battery technologies because of their low internal resistance. Especially produced for the marine sector, our PowerPacks™ work highly efficient at low temperatures.

The PowerPacks™ can be supplied in pressure-resistant titanium housings with an operating depth of up to 6000m. They can also be set in an existing housing.

The SmartChargers™ – specially tuned chargers for the PowerPacks™ – are connected directly and do not have to be further adjusted . The SmartCharger™ technology charges the PowerPacks™ safely and gently without opening the pressure housing. Therefore the AUV can be charged in water.

For additional security, the PowerPacks™ are designed to be fully redundant. This way, 50% of the remaining capacity will always be available in the event of a fatal error, so that the mission can be brought to a regular ending.